Search found 153 matches

by Bensonfan23
Wed Aug 12, 2020 8:14 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: LIT Mid-Atlantic Mirror @ Discord (9/5/20)
Replies: 6
Views: 804

Re: LIT Mid-Atlantic Mirror @ Discord (9/5/20)

These concerns have now been addressed in LIT's main thread. In short, yes teams can request reasonable exceptions from LIT's editors and a list of granted exceptions will be kept in that post for transparency. Thanks for everyone's interest in playing LIT!
by Bensonfan23
Wed Aug 12, 2020 8:12 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

As has been discussed in our mid-atlantic mirror thread (and frankly I'd assumed I'd already mentioned somewhere in the main post), teams are free to apply for reasonable exceptions to the regional boundaries, which will be discussed by the editors for approval. For the sake of transparency I will a...
by Bensonfan23
Tue Aug 11, 2020 1:25 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

The main post for LIT has been now been updated to include our confirmed hosts and the rough regional guidelines we will be using for our closed online mirrors. Please note that these are based on, but are slightly different than, those used by IKEA so that we could accommodate our previous hosts fr...
by Bensonfan23
Tue Jul 21, 2020 6:23 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

All of our previous hosts have now been contacted via email about mirroring LIT this fall. All of these hosts have one week to express interest in hosting for their given regions before all regions without hosts will be openly advertised. With one exception, since we didn't previously have a previou...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Jul 16, 2020 1:02 am
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

With guidance from Marianna's post (thanks!), I've added a requirement that hosts agree to and send out in advance the following code of conduct. This code of conduct was modified specifically for online mirrors of LIT, and I'm including it in full below. Feedback is welcome, and like with Marianna'...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Jul 15, 2020 10:24 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

Can the implementation and enforcement of a code of conduct that establishes behavior standards and outlines punishments for violations of those standards, such as that posted by Marianna Zhang/PACE, be included in the requirements for tournament directors as well? I am looking forward to hopefully...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Jul 15, 2020 10:18 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

To clarify something from your previous post from March, will people who graduated from one school in the Spring but who are now enrolled somewhere else for the fall be required to play for their old school rather than their new one? Hi Eric, thanks for pointing this out! To clarify the editors' st...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Jul 15, 2020 8:44 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

I've updated the main post for this set to better reflect the fact that LIT is now a set being played this fall, and is actively soliciting hosts, as outlined below. Additionally, like the recent announcement about IKEA, LIT 2020 will be run this fall as a series of online, closed regional mirrors f...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Jun 28, 2020 12:47 am
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Oxford Open Online Mirror - Saturday 27th June
Replies: 39
Views: 6130

Re: Oxford Open Online Mirror - Saturday 27th June

but nonetheless took advantage of ACF rules and received a tossup read solely to them as part of the resolution because it was a "should have been prompted" situation. Without even knowing the specifics of this exact situation, here's a healthy reminder that this portion too of ACF's rules is inher...
by Bensonfan23
Fri May 08, 2020 4:34 pm
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: It's Time To D-D-D-D....Duel! (Challenge: Columbia vs. Chicago)
Replies: 49
Views: 5290

Re: It's Time To D-D-D-D....Duel! (Challenge: Columbia vs. Chicago)

As a member of a team that would at least potentially be interested in some kind of season ending event, if anything does actually come from this post I think it'd be worth considering a less strict definition of top 8 than just straight up using ACF's A values, since those are meant for qualificati...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Mar 12, 2020 5:15 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, through Fall 2020)

Question regarding the set. Since it is moving to the Fall, would then graduating students this spring still be able to retain their eligibility for this tournament and be able to play it? Yes. To quote my announcement above "eligibility to play LIT under this revised plan will be the same as this ...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Mar 12, 2020 3:39 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

Re: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

This was a lot of fun! Will packets be shared with teams that played that want to provide feedback? Hi Aayush, I'm really glad hear you and others enjoyed playing LIT's discord mirror! If anyone who played this mirror would like a copy of the set as read on Sunday to give feedback, please just send...
by Bensonfan23
Tue Mar 10, 2020 7:47 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Spring 2020)

As an update on this based on the numerous cancellations (Harvard, Duke, JHU, and likely others) due to campus closures related to covid-19, we are now re-branding LIT as a set to be played at mirrors in the EFT slot next fall (late August or September). Given the unusual nature of this situation, w...
by Bensonfan23
Tue Mar 10, 2020 6:30 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Spring 2020)

In light of the recent covid-19 developments, a few of our initial mirrors have had to be either postponed (Florida) or cancelled (Harvard). We are currently waiting to see how this situation develops further before making any broad statements about LIT, which will largely depend on additional colle...
by Bensonfan23
Fri Mar 06, 2020 1:16 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

Re: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

I'm going to be closing the field for this tournament tonight at midnight so that we can finalize our schedule and get everything set up in the discord server. Ideally remaining free agents will combine into an 8th team before this point, but I will assign free agents to teams with less than 4 as ne...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Mar 05, 2020 7:35 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: 2020 LIT at UT Austin (Postponed)
Replies: 1
Views: 562

Re: 2020 LIT at UT Austin (03/14/2020)

Due to conflicts with several schools' spring breaks, our main site of LIT is being postponed. We will look into later dates, in particular the weekend after ACF Nationals, and update this post once we've decided on an alternative.
by Bensonfan23
Wed Mar 04, 2020 7:10 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

Re: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

In case the TDs or staff don't have a lot of experience running a Discord tournament before, I'll plug my guide: https://hsquizbowl.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=21446 And it's not too late for moderators to order cheap headsets on Amazon if they don't already have them. Or to plan to read from a ...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Mar 04, 2020 4:00 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

Re: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

Reminder that this tournament is this Sunday, and that there are currently several teams on the spreadsheet who have not yet registered with me. Several free agents are also still listed and I encourage those players to team up before Saturday; all free agents will be assigned to teams with fewer th...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Feb 27, 2020 11:22 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

Re: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

I see on the spreadsheet that some teams have 5 players signed up. Is there a particular reason teams are more than 4 players? Discord tournaments already have overloaded fields. Yeah, this is a good idea, in particular because we're not even at the first field cap, but can probably expand anyway i...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Feb 19, 2020 4:40 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)
Replies: 10
Views: 2208

LIT Discord Mirror (03/08/2020)

I am pleased to announce that I will be directing the online open Discord mirror of Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT 2020) on Sunday, March 8th, 2020. We are going to have an initial soft cap of 8 teams for this mirror, which may expand based on interest and staff. Schedule The tournament will ...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Feb 12, 2020 4:25 pm
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: Cross-Post: NAQT Timing Discussion
Replies: 37
Views: 3964

Re: Cross-Post: NAQT Timing Discussion

My thoughts: 1. I don't believe any NAQT college tournament needs to be timed. SCT doesn't use the timer and ICT, which attracts excellent staffers and logistics people, doesn't need to use the clock. 2. Because of that, I would be fine with NAQT's college tournaments adopting 5/5/5 (well, I don't ...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Feb 10, 2020 12:34 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: NAQT SCT at UT Austin (2/8/2020)
Replies: 1
Views: 1086

Re: NAQT SCT at UT Austin (2/8/2020)

This tournament happened yesterday! Thanks so much to the all staffers who helped this tournament make it through 12 rounds in D1 and 14(!) rounds in D2 all before 6pm, especially to Nathaniel Woodward and Rachel Thibo for volunteering to help staff as guests. In Division One, Texas A went 11-1 to w...
by Bensonfan23
Fri Feb 07, 2020 6:37 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: 2020 LIT at UT Austin (Postponed)
Replies: 1
Views: 562

2020 LIT at UT Austin (Postponed)

I am pleased to announce that main site of Longhorn Invitation Tournament (LIT 2020) will be held at UT Austin on Saturday, March 14th, 2020. I will be the tournament director for this tournament. Please direct any questions about this site to me at [email protected].com. Question set: This tou...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Jan 27, 2020 7:23 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Spring 2020)

Another brief update on LIT's progress, the set is just under 90% completed at this point and will definitely be ready by the first mirror dates. We've currently confirmed mirror locations in most of the major US regions, though some of the exact dates are still waiting on room reservations to be co...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Jan 27, 2020 3:18 am
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: 2020 ACF Regionals: Specific Questions and Errata
Replies: 66
Views: 6703

Re: 2020 ACF Regionals: Specific Questions and Errata

The science in this set was my favorite of the regionals I've played ('18, '19, '20). To add to the discussion about bait, my one gripe is with the "protein" question in packet E (Central Florida A et. al.) I buzzed and answered "protease" when I heard "MEROPS" (I did not get a chance to hear the b...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Jan 13, 2020 9:32 pm
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: "Should have been prompted" replacement policy
Replies: 15
Views: 3080

Re: "Should have been prompted" replacement policy

Thanks for making this post, Mike! I’ve actually had the idea for a post based on this specific protest issue for a while since my teams have been on the negative end of this unbalanced policy at three times since last ACF Nationals alone. To put it bluntly, I agree that this current protest resolut...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Dec 22, 2019 2:20 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: NAQT SCT at UT Austin (2/8/2020)
Replies: 1
Views: 1086

NAQT SCT at UT Austin (2/8/2020)

I am pleased to announce that UT Austin will host the South site of the 2020 NAQT Sectional Championship Tournament on Saturday, February 8, 2020. I will be the tournament director for this tournament, any questions can be directed to me at [email protected].com. Location: This tournament will ...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Dec 18, 2019 2:57 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Spring 2020)

A few updates on this set's progress, LIT is now over 70% completion and is quickly approaching 80%. We've also added Jack Mehr onto the editing team as a guest editor for literature. The main post has been updated with our first mirror requests. Teams interested in mirroring LIT from regions withou...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Nov 25, 2019 12:56 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: 2020 WORKSHOP at UT Austin (02/29/2020)
Replies: 1
Views: 1038

2020 WORKSHOP at UT Austin (02/29/2020)

I am pleased to announce that the Texas site of 2020 WORKSHOP will be held at UT Austin on Saturday, February 29th 2020. I will be the tournament director for this tournament. Please direct any questions about this site to me at [email protected].com. Question set: This tournament will be playe...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Nov 17, 2019 1:32 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)
Replies: 3
Views: 5236

Re: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)

This tournament happened today! Thanks to everyone who attended and to Jason, Graham, and Ryan for serving as moderators. Texas A went 10-0 to win the tournament without needing a final, Texas B+ finished in 2nd at 7-3, Ignation Nation finished in 3rd place, and the aptly-named "Fourth Place" finish...
by Bensonfan23
Fri Nov 15, 2019 6:43 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)
Replies: 3
Views: 5236

Re: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)

One important last minute change, because of a late update from UT's room reservation department, this tournament will take place in Parlin Hall instead of Mezes Hall as originally announced. Opening meeting will be in Parlin Hall 302. All team contacts got an email reflecting this change. See every...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Nov 14, 2019 11:45 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)
Replies: 3
Views: 5236

Re: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)

Hi everyone, this tournament will be happening this weekend. The field is now closed at 6 teams and a logistics email was sent out to all team contacts and free agents (who've been assigned). See everyone in Austin on Saturday!
by Bensonfan23
Wed Nov 06, 2019 10:52 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: ACF Regionals Global Announcement: January 25, 2020
Replies: 31
Views: 14811

Re: ACF Regionals Global Announcement: January 25, 2020

One small thing that I noticed while attempting to sign up teams for Texas, the form incorrectly lists UT Austin as the South Central host. Rice is hosting for our region, not UT.
by Bensonfan23
Sat Nov 02, 2019 8:24 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: ACF Fall at UT Austin (11/02/2019)
Replies: 1
Views: 2435

Re: ACF Fall at UT Austin (11/02/2019)

This tournament happened! Thanks to everyone who volunteered to staff for helping this tournament run so smoothly, and thanks to every team that attended for making the tournament so enjoyable! Final stats with brackets and classifications can be found here. The overall winners of ACF Fall 2019 at U...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Oct 20, 2019 12:55 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)
Replies: 3
Views: 5236

Fall Open at UT Austin (November 16th, 2019)

I am pleased to announce that the Texas site of Fall Open 2019 will be held at UT Austin on Saturday, November 16th, 2019. I will be the tournament director for this tournament. Please direct any questions about this site to me at [email protected].com. Question set: This tournament will be pla...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Oct 20, 2019 12:45 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Penn Bowl at UT Austin (10/19/19)
Replies: 1
Views: 2392

Re: Penn Bowl at UT Austin (10/19/19)

This tournament happened, and Texas went 9-0 to clear the field with Texas B finishing in second! Thanks to everyone who helped this tournament happen, especially North Texas for signing up last minute to allow the tournament to happen at all, and to Nathaniel and Vik for volunteering as moderators....
by Bensonfan23
Mon Oct 07, 2019 1:22 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Re: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Spring 2020)

A brief update on this set's progress, which is coming along nicely. LIT is just under half completion at this point, and I have no doubts that the set will be ready by the originally announced date. I'd like to emphasize a few key points that we're trying to accomplish with this set. First, every t...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Sep 05, 2019 1:50 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: Penn Bowl at UT Austin (10/19/19)
Replies: 1
Views: 2392

Penn Bowl at UT Austin (10/19/19)

I am pleased to announce that the South/Texas site of Penn Bowl 2019 will be held at UT Austin on Saturday, October 19th, 2019. I will be the tournament director for this tournament. Please direct any questions about this site to me at [email protected].com. Location The tournament will take pl...
by Bensonfan23
Mon Aug 26, 2019 4:28 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: ACF Fall at UT Austin (11/02/2019)
Replies: 1
Views: 2435

ACF Fall at UT Austin (11/02/2019)

I am pleased to announce that the South Central site of 2019 ACF Fall will be held at UT Austin on Saturday, November 2, 2019. The tournament will take place in Mezes Hall, with team check-in beginning at 8 in Mezes 1.102 and gameplay beginning at 9. I will be the tournament director for this tourna...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Aug 22, 2019 12:15 pm
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: Preseason Poll 2019-2020
Replies: 26
Views: 13972

Re: Preseason Poll 2019-2020

Texas brings back our A team from last year and adds a good number of incoming freshmen and grad students (a few more than there are spots on the spreadsheet, which is mainly why I'm posting this). Texas B also wasn't ranked last year, but I'd argue that they should be considered this year. Incoming...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Aug 11, 2019 3:23 pm
Forum: Practices, Scrimmages, Online Packets, and Playtesting
Topic: Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)
Replies: 2
Views: 3602

Re: Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)

This tournament happened yesterday, thanks to everyone who has able to be there, and I hope everyone had a great time! After 9 rounds, our SuperAcronym champion was "Here Come the Pretzels" (Flowers, Escandell, Ugolini, Fritz), and the runners-up were "waging a senseless vendetta against America's t...
by Bensonfan23
Tue Aug 06, 2019 3:10 pm
Forum: Practices, Scrimmages, Online Packets, and Playtesting
Topic: Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)
Replies: 2
Views: 3602

Re: Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)

A few quick updates on this. 1. Based on the amount of interest indicated so far, this event will definitely be happening this Saturday! 2. Our rooms have also been confirmed in Mezes Hall. Opening meeting will be from 8-8:30, with games starting promptly at 8:30 to get through as many rounds as pos...
by Bensonfan23
Fri Aug 02, 2019 2:36 pm
Forum: Practices, Scrimmages, Online Packets, and Playtesting
Topic: Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)
Replies: 2
Views: 3602

Ad Hoc Texas Side Event Weekend (8/10/19)

After some discussion with members of UT Austin's club, we decided that there was enough interest in the area for a small side-event tournament to take place on August 10th, at UT Austin. Location This event will take place in MEZES Hall. Registration will be from 8am to 8:30 on the 10th, with games...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Jun 05, 2019 2:34 pm
Forum: Collegiate Announcements & Results
Topic: Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)
Replies: 16
Views: 7549

Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT, Fall 2020)

I'm excited to announce the 2020 iteration of Longhorn Invitational Tournament (LIT), a medium-difficulty set that was originally written for mirrors beginning in March 2020! This tournament is written by the current members of UT Austin’s Quizbowl team, with some assistance from outside subject edi...
by Bensonfan23
Thu May 30, 2019 8:56 pm
Forum: Practices, Scrimmages, Online Packets, and Playtesting
Topic: UT Austin Summer Practices
Replies: 0
Views: 3485

UT Austin Summer Practices

This is announcement that UT Austin will be having weekly summer practices starting next Wednesday (6/5/19) in the NMS building (at the corner of Dean Keaton and Speedway) in room 3.106. These practices will be open to anyone in the Austin area and will run from 6 to 8 or 8:30. The doors to the buil...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Apr 21, 2019 2:36 am
Forum: Collegiate Discussion
Topic: Player Poll 2019
Replies: 92
Views: 37566

Re: Player Poll 2019

In the spirit of posting about your teammates, I will post about mine, past and present, since no one played Texas, Duke, or UNC much outside of Nats/ICT this year. Jas Singh is already the best history player I've ever played next to, and that's in no way a slight to any of my old teammates. Jas' c...
by Bensonfan23
Sun Feb 10, 2019 4:30 pm
Forum: College area archives
Topic: NAQT SCT at Rice (2/9/19)
Replies: 1
Views: 1453

Re: NAQT SCT at Rice (2/9/19)

Thanks to Rice's club for hosting this tournament! This event was well-run and finished at a reasonable time in the evening, I hope Rice's club continues to host more tournaments.
by Bensonfan23
Sun Jan 27, 2019 2:35 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: ACF Regionals 2019 at UT Austin (January 26, 2019)
Replies: 1
Views: 4195

Re: ACF Regionals 2019 at UT Austin (January 26, 2019)

Thanks to everyone that attended this tournament! Texas A ran the field to finish 10-0 and win the overall title without a final. Rice A was the undergraduate champion. Texas A&M B finished 2nd in undergraduate and won the division 2 title after a one game final with UNT. North Texas finished runner...
by Bensonfan23
Thu Jan 10, 2019 12:53 am
Forum: College area archives
Topic: ACF Regionals 2019 at UT Austin (January 26, 2019)
Replies: 1
Views: 4195

ACF Regionals 2019 at UT Austin (January 26, 2019)

I am excited to announce that UT Austin will be hosting ACF Regionals on Saturday, January 26, 2019. Question Set: This tournament is a mirror of the 2019 ACF Regionals set, a regular difficulty college set. More information about the set can be found here: http://www.hsquizbowl.org/forums/viewtopic...
by Bensonfan23
Wed Jan 09, 2019 3:11 pm
Forum: National and Regional Comparisons and Discussion
Topic: HSQBRank 2018-19: Is Happening
Replies: 34
Views: 19700

Re: HSQBRank 2018-19: Is Happening

LASA A played Penn Bowl at the Texas mirror (http://hsquizbowl.org/db/tournaments/53 ... ete_stats/). Taylor and Strake Jesuit played Sun God at the UT Austin mirror (http://hsquizbowl.org/db/tournaments/53 ... /combined/